Vasileva E.G., Nikolenko N.A. Who are Pre-Retirees? To the Question of the Social Status of the Group

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/lp.jvolsu.2020.1.16
Elena G. Vasileva
Сandidate of Sciences (Philosophy), Associate Professor, Freelance Researcher, Volgograd State University
Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation
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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5113-4071

Nataliya A. Nikolenko
Candidate of Sciences (Sociology), Associate Professor, Department of Sociology and Social Technologies, Volgograd State University
Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation
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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8968-460X


Abstract. This review discusses stratification models and empirical studies of the social status of people of retirement age in modern Russia. Our goal is to identify the social markings of the group and its status features, as well as the differences in managerial and scientific discourses of its assessment. The pension reform that began in 2019 significantly changes the group of pre-retirees: its number is increasing, it is getting older and differented by the age and generational cohorts. Moreover, the time of change is reflected in constructs "yuothful retired persons", "a working old-age pensioners", "youngest-old retirees" and "new pre-retirees". Differences approaches to status stratification, based on differences in managerial and scientific discourses are evident. The management approach is largely situational and related to the category of "pre-retirement time" as the period prior to the retirement of old age. This approach is focused, first, on the labor productivity, and, secondly, on the formal-legal definition of the status. The research approach is formed under the influence of global strategic discourse and differentiates the macro-social and organizational-social levels of social stratification. Within this framework, the social status of people of pre-retirement age is associated with socio-economic activity and human capital, employment and professional career. This group is related primarily to the category of "older workers", which combines employed pre-retirees and post-retirees and indicates the characteristics of the status associated with social attitudes to elderly. Publications on the social status of pre-retirees over the past five years indicate that the research tradition is dominated by a macro-economic rather than organizational approach. In addition, stratification models use mainly employment and human capital indicators as differentiating features, but not indicators of labor force and career potential. The research results revealed the following features of the status of pre-retirees: the growth of economic activity of older workers; the growth of employment of highly qualified workers in market and high-tech sectors of the economy; the significant impact of informal employment; the presence of age discrimination in wages and employment; insignificant representation in new institutional forms of economic activity and social entrepreneurship.
Key words: pre-retirees, social status, measures of state support for pre-retirees, labor potential, economic activity, industry and professional employment structures, income, age discrimination.

Who are Pre-Retirees? To the Question of the Social Status of the Group by Vasileva E.G., Nikolenko N.A. is licensed under Attribution 4.0 International

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