Zhilina V.A. The Nihilistic Devastation of Modern Man

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/lp.jvolsu.2024.1.2

Vera A. Zhilina
Doctor of Sciences (Philosophy), Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Phylosophy, Nosov Magnitogorsk State Technical University
Prosp. Lenina, 38, 455000 Magnitogorsk, Russian Federation
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Abstract. The article is devoted to the problem of the growth of nihilistic tendencies in culture. It is proven that modern transformations of the structure of social relations qualitatively change the concept of nihilism as a way of representing culture. This article proceeds from the assumption that the general crisis in the sphere of axiology allows us to state the origins of modern nihilism in the active process of man's reasoning. Hence, general pessimistic tendencies determine a kind of semantic shift when destruction becomes a simulacrum of creativity. At the same time, it is determined that nihilism is revived in the process of replacing value with evaluation. In a comparative analysis of the achievements of modern philosophical thought, the main facets of the modern nihilistic attitude of man toward the world are revealed. In particular, it is indicated that the emergence of the philosophy of devastation can form the recognition of destruction as a social norm. An attempt is made to trace the concepts of epistemic nihilism. The semantic complexity of modern nihilism for its bearers is revealed. Special attention is paid to such a phenomenon as intellectual humility. New forms of alienation of modern man from himself through the rejection of his own beliefs in the face of some opposing statements are traced. It is shown that the revival of nihilistic tendencies in culture contributes to the expansion of the field of manipulative practices in social life. The risks of illusions of explanatory depth due to the formation of a behavioral strategy of intellectual humility are evidently determined. Aspects of the evolution of nihilism are touched upon. The connection between nihilism and the thesis about the state of total war in the 20th century is traced in the trends of the development of modern philosophical thought. It is determined that the devaluation of life provokes the formation of the illusion of the absolute value of material progress and negatively affects the processes of self-consciousness. The role of microaggressions by marginals in the formation of modern nihilism is revealed.
Key words: nihilism, man, society, mentality, destruction.

Citation. Zhilina V.A. The Nihilistic Devastation of Modern Man. Logos et Praxis, 2024, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 14-19. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/lp.jvolsu.2024.1.2

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