Loginova E.V., Guzev M.M., Gorshkova N.V. Formation of a Model of Demographically Sustainable Socio-Economic Development in the Regions of Russia

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/lp.jvolsu.2023.4.16

Elena V. Loginova
Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Director, Volzhsky Branch of Volgograd State University
40 Let Pobedy St, 11, 404133 Volzhsky, Russian Federation
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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1579-411X

Mikhail M. Guzev
Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Head of the Educational and Scientific Laboratory of Regional Systems Research, Volzhsky Branch of Volgograd State University
40 Let Pobedy St, 11, 404133 Volzhsky, Russian Federation
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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3129-5211

Natalya V. Gorshkova
Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Head of the Department of Finance, Accounting and Economic Security, Volgograd State University
Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation
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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0586-9509


Abstract. Demographic problems in Russia and around the world continue to worsen, which necessitates the study and design of a model of demographically sustainable socio-economic development that is exclusive to each country and has a general inclusive trend. The model of demographic indicators of socio-economic development combines signs of not only exclusivity and inclusivity but also universality, that is, compliance of this model with the imperatives and values characteristics of development. Studying the main processes characterizing the demographic situation in the region, describing the degree of achievement of sustainable development goals, and analyzing the dynamics of economic performance and indicators reflecting the human development of the region – these steps formed the logical basis for creating a demographically sustainable model of socio-economic development at the regional level. Data from sociological surveys was used in the study to find out the preferences and attitudes of citizens towards reproductive behavior and migration as factors that have the greatest impact on the population. The definition of a demographically sustainable model of socio-economic development is given based on a synthesis of the theory of human development and the theory of sustainable development. Qualitative criteria for demographically sustainable socio-economic development were determined (expanded social reproduction, qualitative and quantitative reproduction of the population, reduction of inequality and poverty, formation of a healthy lifestyle, accessibility of the entire population to modern Internet technologies), and quantitative indicators have been determined. The analysis of indicators of socio-economic development in Russian regions and the comparison of data from sociological surveys of the population allowed us to conclude that in modern Russia, the model of demographically decaying natural development prevails. Using the example of the Southern Federal District regions, we assessed the compliance of their socio-economic development with the criteria of demographic sustainability. We also identified the factors that ensure the formation of a demographically sustainable model of socio-economic development in modern Russian regions. The article reveals that in exclusive models of sustainable development, the emphasis can be placed on its economic, environmental or social component, depending on the existing institutional conditions, which does not deny the dominant feature of the model: its demographic sustainability. The functioning mechanism of Russia's demographically sustainable development model requires a combination of state regulation, market self-regulation and regulation through the mechanisms of civil society.
Key words: demographically sustainable socio-economic development, criteria and indicators of demographic sustainability, regional differentiation, exclusivity and inclusivity, sustainable development.

Citation. Loginova E.V., Guzev M.M., Gorshkova N.V. Formation of a Model of Demographically Sustainable Socio-Economic Development in the Regions of Russia. Logos et Praxis, 2023, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 157-169. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/lp.jvolsu.2023.4.16

Formation of a Model of Demographically Sustainable Socio-Economic Development in the Regions of Russia by Loginova E.V., Guzev M.M., Gorshkova N.V. is licensed under Attribution 4.0 International

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