Khrapova V. A., Komova V.A. Phenomenological Aspects of the Study of the Concept of “Cultural Status”

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/lp.jvolsu.2022.4.5

Viktoriya A. Khrapova
Doctor of Siences (Philosophy), Professor of the Department of Philosophy and Theory of Law, Volgograd State University
Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation
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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5236-9147

Valentina A. Komova
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Philosophy and Theory of Law, Volgograd State University
Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation
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https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7010-2596


Abstract. The subject of this research is the concept of "cultural status", the actualization of which in scientific and philosophical discourse indicates the increasing role of culture in the modern world and the need to comprehend the position of the subject of cultural creativity, its importance in the organization of socio–cultural space. The authors use the phenomenological approach as the most heuristic in the conditions of social transformation, allowing to consider the object in a naturally formed context, to apply methods and techniques corresponding to research intentions. The work is based on the comparison of the concept of "cultural status" with the concept of "social status", widely used in sociological science. The conceptual provisions of P. Bourdieu's sociological theory, as well as the guiding theses of the activity approach in the study of culture, allowed the authors to conclude that social status reflects a person's place in the social hierarchy, position in the space of social relations, and cultural includes a much wider range of parameters rooted in people's daily lives, diverse experience of connections and relationships, gaining value value; cultural status characterizes the position of its bearer in the space-time continuum and the context of values, norms, relationships, the ontological position of the subject of cultural creativity, determined by the measure of activity to create a cultural order, which correlates with the social and carries a life-creating potential. The authors identify the components that influence the formation of cultural status: spatial and temporal parameters, the specifics of values, the role of the subject. The emphasis on the active, active beginning of the subject of cultural creativity, whose status position presupposes choice, decision and responsibility, allows for a productive search for mechanisms to optimize the life of a person and society in a risky world. The novelty of the study consists in clarifying the semantic the structure of the concept of "cultural status," the study of discursive fields that influence its formation in the conditions of modern social dynamics. The phenomenological approach allows us to master the discursive space in movement from life to rational, capable of becoming a reliable tool in the formation of sociocultural space as an integrity necessary for the harmonious existence of man and society.
Key words: cultural status, phenomenological approach, social hierarchy, social order, culture, socio-cultural space, social transformation, social dynamics, cultural phenomenon, subject of cultural creativity.

Citation. Khrapova V. A., Komova V.A. Phenomenological Aspects of the Study of the Concept of "Cultural Status". Logos et Praxis, 2022, vol. 21, no. 4 , pp. 46-54. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/lp.jvolsu.2022.4.5

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