Maulana A. Islamic Thought in the Postmodern Era: The Philosophy of Hasan Khanafi


Amy Maulana
Postgraduate Student, Department of Philosophy and Theory of Law, Volgograd State University
Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation
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Abstract. This article aims to reconstruct the paradigm of Islamic thought associated with postmodernism. The relevance of this goal is explained by the need to understand how Islam in its theological and anthropocentric dimensions corresponds to postmodern thinking. In this regard, the works of the Islamic thinker Hassan Hanafi (1935–2021), whose philosophical development is closest to postmodernism, are of particular interest. Hasan Hanafi, with the Turat va tajdid (Tradition and Reform) project and the Islamic left, identifies three factors for the implementation of Islamic revival, Islamic revolution, unity and integrity of the ummah. According to him; (1) the need for rationalism to revive the intellectual treasures of classical Islam and bring out the progressive elements in it; (2) the need to confront Western civilization and do away with its global civilization by studying local culture and creating accidentalism that is contrary to the Orientalist paradigm; (3) the need to analyze the reality of the Islamic world by abandoning traditional textual methods and resorting to certain methods that allow the reality of Islam to speak for itself. Here he contrasts Occidentalism with Orientalism. If Orientalism views the East from a Western perspective, from the standpoint of cultural superiority, then Occidentalism seeks to present a picture of Western culture from the perspective of the East. Hassan Hanafi does not approve of isolationism in any form (including Islamic). Islam is a world, and therefore a global religion, therefore the Islamic world must see cultures in a global perspective. Occidentalism is an attempt to undermine Western supremacy in language, culture, science, theory, and opinion.
Key words: Islamic thought, postmodern, philosophy of Hassan Hanafi, tradition, reform, Islamic Left, Occidentalism.
Citation. Maulana A. Islamic Thought in the Postmodern Era: The Philosophy of Hasan Khanafi. Logos et Praxis, 2022, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 43-50. (in Russian). DOI:

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Islamic Thought in the Postmodern Era: The Philosophy of Hasan Khanafi by Maulana A. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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