Namrueva L.V. Modern Youth of Kalmykia: Attitude to Agricultural Labor (Based on the Materials of the 2019)

Ludmila V. Namrueva
Candidate of Sciences (Sociology), Associate Professor, Leading Researcher, Department of Complex Monitoring and Information Technologies, Kalmyk Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Ilishkina St, 8, 358000 Elista, Russian Federation,
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Abstract. The development of rural settlements is interrelated with the state of population reproduction. Various aspects of life in rural areas, including the development of its economic and social sphere, are usually described by demographic indicators. The deterioration of economic and social conditions in rural areas increases the migration behavior of rural residents. Young people aged 18–35 are most susceptible to migration aspirations. The negative social changes that have been taking place in the Republic of Kalmykia for three decades (1990–2010) have significantly affected the irrevocable migration of young people to other regions of Russia, as well as to foreign countries. Youth unemployment, growing social stratification, and a prolonged lack of social elevators increase the gap between actively advertised opportunities for success, a career in 2–-30 years, and the social experience of the younger generation. Rural youth of the Republic of Kalmykia have long been deprived of the necessary resources to realize themselves on their native land. This article deals with the problems related to the desire / unwillingness of rural youth of the Republic of Kalmykia to work in the agricultural sector, migration behavior, and life strategies of young people. Natives of the village, for the most part, do not want to engage in agricultural work, to continue the traditions of their ancestors in raising livestock. The article concludes that the measures taken in the region to address the personnel policy in the agricultural sector are ineffective. Young livestock and plant breeders need state support, as they ensure the country's food security not only in the near future, but also in the long term. The author uses materials of the Republican newspaper "Halmg unn" for 2019, which reveal the problems of young villagers, their plans to engage in animal husbandry – the traditional type of work of the Kalmyks.
Key words: Kalmykia, youth, unemployment, migration decline, agricultural sector, state support, animal husbandry, peasant (farm) economy.

Modern Youth of Kalmykia: Attitude to Agricultural Labor (Based on the Materials of the 2019) by Namrueva L.V. is licensed under Attribution 4.0 International

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