THE PROBLEM OF SEARCHING THE WAYS OF HUMAN CIVILIZATION IN RUSSIAN COSMISM AT THE TURN OF THE XIX–XX CENTURIES

Lytkin Vladimir Vladimirovich
Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Social Anthropology and Service, Kaluga State University named after K.E. Tsiolkovsky; Lecturer, International Space University (Strasbourg, France)
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Abstract: This article explores the views of the founder of modern theoretical astronautics and missile building, K.E. Tsiolkovsky, and the main representatives of Russian cosmism on the problem of human evolution. Having reviewed major trends in the progress of the European philosophical tradition the author comes to a conclusion about the inevitable transition of human evolution to cosmic evolution. The author deduces that the nature of the "Cosmic philosophy" of K.E. Tsiolkovsky is progressive and has a predictive focus.

Key words: humanity, civilization, evolution of mankind, cosmic evolution, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, space philosophy, Russian cosmism, progressism.

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