Chukwujekwu Ejike Sam-Festus. African Philosophy in the Contemporary World


Chukwujekwu Ejike Sam-Festus
Postgraduate Student, Department of History of Philosophy, Peoples' Friendship University (RUDN University)
Miklukho-Maklaya St., 6 , 117198 Moscow, Russian Federation
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Abstract. This author focuses on African philosophy issues, ideas and the major trends of its development in the contemporary world. The researcher emphasizes that one of the main trends in the development of African philosophy in the contemporary world is the search for African identity, ideas of African renaissance. The development of African philosophy in the early and mid 20th century had the immense influence of the anticolonial movement, which resulted in rapid development of socio-political movements. The article discusses the most influential of them, such as negritude, Pan-Africanism, African socialism, and others. The paper is of particular interest due to the fact that the countries of this continent have undergone a different path of development. From the very moment of the discovery of the continent, the states located in it were viewed and existed as colonies of European countries, i.e. they were ruled by the metropolis, which established its political and economic power. In addition to the negative impact of the metropolis it had a positive one. With the arrival of the Europeans European culture and values came, that ultimately led to the fight for independence. The article also discusses the major stages of European colonization of the 15th-19th centuries, also the difficulties and challenges in obtaining freedom from the metropolis, which became a new impetus for the development of philosophical views. Taking into account African identity and European culture and values, the significant role of the African Renaissance and socio-political teachings are considered as a way of developing African philosophy in the modern world. The author pays special attention to the African historiographic survey, to four periodization stages of African philosophy: (early period, second period, late period, and a new era). The researcher also presents traditional thought and suggestions of a typology of tendencies by African philosophers in modern African philosophy.

Key words: African philosophy, African idea, African identity, negritude, Pan-Africanism, ethnophilosophy.

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