Artyukhin M.I., Pushkevich S.A., Shurok E.M. Migration Tenets of Main Socio-Demographic Groups of the Population of Belarus: Sociological Analysis

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/lp.jvolsu.2019.2.6

Mikchail I. Artyukhin
Candidate of Scienses (Philosophy), Associate Professor, Head of the Migration Monitoring Center of Research and Academic Staff, Institute of Sociology of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus
Surganova St., 1/2, 220072 Minsk, Republic of Belarus
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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4458-5576

Sergey A. Pushkevich
Researcher, Migration Monitoring Center of Research and Academic Staff, Institute of Sociology of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus
Surganova St., 1/2, 220072 Minsk, Republic of Belarus
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https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3087-3876

Ella M. Shurok
Researcher, Migration Monitoring Center of Research and Academic Staff, Institute of Sociology of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus
Surganova St., 1/2, 220072 Minsk, Republic of Belarus
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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4395-300X


Abstract. The article deals with the migration of the population as a socio-economic, socio-political and sociocultural phenomenon. The authors carry out the analysis of the migration situation in Belarus and define its ambiguous character. The researchers show that starting from 2016 negative trends began to manifest themselves increasingly in the external migration of the population of Belarus. As a result of the collapse of the main migration indicators, the coefficient of compensation for natural loss of the population due to the positive migration balance fell sharply: in 2017 it amounted to only 23.1 %. The paper demonstrates that the need for multidimensional knowledge of the socioeconomic mechanisms of migration in the context of modern threats to national security has led to the demand for sociological research in the field of migration. This is especially true for studies that determine the main characteristics and typology of migration behavior of the main socio-demographic groups. The article presents the results of monitoring sociological research conducted by Institute of Sociology of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus for the period 2010–2018. The data of these studies indicate a fairly high level of potential external migration of the population of the Republic of Belarus. To the greatest extent, migration activity is a characteristic of young age respondents. In this regard, the authors conclude that the increasing importance of migration in the political, economic and demographic development of society determines the need to develop adequate challenges of the state migration policy and socioeconomic mechanisms for the effective regulation of migration processes.

Key words: migration of population, sociology of migration, socio-demographic group, migration tenet, migration behavior, socio-economic factors of migration, state migration policy.

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Migration Tenets of Main Socio-Demographic Groups of the Population of Belarus: Sociological Analysis by Artyukhin M.I., Pushkevich S.A., Shurok E.M. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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