Sigareva E.P., Sivoplyasova S.Yu. Fertility and Religiosity in Russia: Assessing Interaction

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/lp.jvolsu.2019.1.10

Eugenia P. Sigareva
Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Head of the Department of Population Reproduction and Demographic Policy, Institute of Social and Political Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Fotievoy St., 6/1, 119333 Moscow, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/ 0000-0003-3760-795X

Svetlana Yu. Sivoplyasova

Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Leading Researcher, Department of Population Reproduction and Demographic Policy, Institute of Social and Political Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Fotievoy St., 6/1, 119333 Moscow, Russian Federation; Associate Professor, Department of Information Technologies in Economics and Management, Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) (MAI)
Volokolamskoe Shosse, 4, A-80, GSP-3, 125993 Moscow, Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3239-4230


Abstract. The present study is devoted to the definition of the role of religion in the formation of reproductive behavior and attitudes of the population of the Russian Federation. Within the study the authors found out that the issue of religiosity of the population and its impact on reproductive behavior are widely discussed both in the scientific community and among the spiritual leaders of various faiths. The significance of the religious factor is greatly exaggerated. In this regard, the authors tried to find objective, statistically significant and comparable parameters to assess the level of religiosity of Russian society and its impact on the reproductive behavior of the population. First of all, the authors assessed dynamics of the number of religious organizations. This is an indirect indicator of the level of spread of different religions in the country. The analysis showed an increase in the number of religious organizations, which may indirectly indicate an increase in the religiosity of the population. In addition, to assess the impact of religiosity on the reproductive behavior of the Russian population, an original approach was used, which is an analysis "from the opposite". On the basis of statistical data on the level of the total fertility rate in the regions of the country, two groups of subjects were formed – with the highest and the lowest levels of this indicator. Further, in the selected regions, the authors made an attempt to assess the level of religiosity. However, the study was conducted not within a group of believers, but a group of atheists. The results of the analysis showed that the level of religiosity of the younger generation of Russians has very little effect on their reproductive attitudes. Moreover, on the basis of indicators of the number of religious organizations in the subjects of Russia, the proportion of persons professing a particular religion in the total population of the regions and the total fertility rate for 2011-2016 were carried out correlation and regression analyses, which confirmed the weak relationship between the level of religiosity and fertility in modern Russia.

Key words: religion, religiosity, atheism, birth rate, regions.

 

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Fertility and Religiosity in Russia: Assessing Interaction by Sigareva E.P., Sivoplyasova S.Yu. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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