Talalaeva E.Yu. Specifics of Expression of the Poetic Word in the Philosophy of H.-G. Hadamer’s and L. Wittgenstein’s Languages

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/lp.jvolsu.2018.4.2

Ekaterina Yu. Talalaeva

graduate student of the Department of Philosophy and Methodology of Science, Tambov State University named after G.R. Derzhavin
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Internatsionalnaya St., 33, 392000 Tambov, Russian Federation

Abstract. The article compares the linguophilosophical views of H.-G. Gadamer and L. Wittgenstein on one of the key aspects of poetic perspective. The founder of philosophical hermeneutics, Gadamer, in many ways developed and supplemented the ideas of his outstanding mentor M. Heidegger on the special ontological role of poetry as a "pure language" with the introduction of the concept of "pure poetry" into the scientific revolution. According to Gadamer, the poetic language has only its inherent tightness. This property of poetry makes it possible to preserve the semantic unity and semantic integrity of the poetic text, and also prevents the poetic word from losing its unique intrinsic value. On the other hand, the tightness of poetry excludes the possibility of voicing it, allowing only a written fixation of the poetic text. According to Gadamer's philosophical convictions, the verbal expression of poetic utterances leads to a significant distortion of the original artistic intent. Wittgenstein, in turn, standing at the origins of analytical philosophy, insists on the impossibility of expressing poetic utterances by means of ordinary language, since they do not reflect the facts and the status quo in the world, i.e. are outside factual language. In accordance with the position of the Austrian thinker, everything that does not correlate with logically correct speaking should be immersed in the sphere of silence. Nevertheless, both philosophers agreed in their arguments that the problem of the unpredictability of a poetic word can be solved with the phenomenon of showing, which can convey the meaning of a poetic work in a different way. The show does not belong to the field of language or silence, but is able to fully express the meaning of the poetic work.

Key words: poetry, pure language, language game, silence, showing, H.-G. Gadamer, L. Wittgenstein.

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