Vasilyeva E.G., Poltavskayа M.B. Social Entrepreneurship as a Form of Activism in the Context of Social Policy Reform in Russia

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/lp.jvolsu.2017.4.4

Elena G. Vasilyeva

Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Sociology,

Volgograd  State University

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Prosp.  Universitetsky,  100,  400062 Volgograd,  Russian  Federation

Mariya B. Poltavskaya

Candidate of Sociological Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Sociology,

Volgograd  State University

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Prosp.  Universitetsky,  100,  400062 Volgograd,  Russian  Federation


Abstract. The article discusses the peculiarities of non-profit sector institutionalization in modern Russian society. Legislative regulations governing the activities of non-profit organizations as well as changes in the concept / strategy of state social policy have a decisive influence. Innovations in the legislation are connected with the legislative regulation of the organizational and legal form of socially-oriented non-profit organization. Guarantees of state support in the form of subsidies are provided for such organizations. As a result, new institutional conditions for the development of the non-profit sector are created. The article reveals the tendencies of development of non-profit sector: there is a significant increase in the number of organizations of social orientation while the share of organizations of social orientation decreases and the share of organizations aimed at solving the problems of local community (territorial self-government organizations) increases; there are institutional limitations related to the lack of procedures for certification and licensing of socially oriented organizations; the main mechanisms for the distribution of social transfers are the mechanisms of competitive selection and social financing; while the strategic directions of financing (state support) of social projects of NGOs are only beginning to be determined on the basis of public conventions. The article discusses the key institutional changes in the social sphere in the period from 2004 to 2017 affecting NGOs: autonomy of social institutions; formation of social standards, administrative regulations of services; inclusion of NGOs in the provision of social services and others. The need to attract non-governmental sources of financing creates new prospects for the development of the social market of social services through the development of social entrepreneurship. Social entrepreneurship is considered from the standpoint of the theories of the public good and the economy of the public sector as well as the theory of rational management. New aspects in the understanding of social entrepreneurship are connected with the distinction between the economic and entrepreneurial aspects of the organizations activities; the idea of determining the impact of targeted strategies and project forms of activity; the identification of signs of the organization of entrepreneurial type.

Key words: social entrepreneurship, technology of social entrepreneurship, methodology of social entrepreneurship, economy of the non-profit sector, organizational and legal form of a non-profit organization, a socially-oriented non-profit organization, social policy in the Russian Federation.

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Social Entrepreneurship as a Form of Activism in the Context of Social Policy Reform in Russia by Vasilyeva E.G., Poltavskayа M.B. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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