Dimitrova S.V. A Modern Interpretation of Transcendental Freedom (Concerning Positive Desire for the Unattainable)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/lp.jvolsu.2017.3.3

Svetlana V. Dimitrova

Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor, Department of Philosophy,

Volgograd  State University

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Prosp.  Universitetsky,  100,  400062 Volgograd,  Russian  Federation


Abstract. Revealing essential features of freedom is based on the comparison of the two pictures of the world, on considering the peculiarities of the culture types identified by J. Telecom as “root” and “rhizomatic”. Understanding freedom as the result of a successful action is opposed to the desire for what is unattainable. It is proved that a high degree of development of the empirical world leads to the understanding that any goal achieved is a link in the endless chain of process activities. Successfulness in achieving the goals does not allow a person to overcome the logic of development immanent to activity. Aspirations oriented on obtaining freedom lead to the emergence of different forms of contingency and ways of “escape” from it. The unattainability of freedom is manifested in the fact that it’s slipping away, turning into its opposition. Freedom is simulacrum, it has no denotative meaning and cannot be expressed either in the experience of certain states or in outcomes of effective action. Freedom is manifested in following the unattainable because constantly renewable futile efforts in search of freedom allow a person to overcome the logic of causality, to go beyond empirical reality. Condition for the existence of freedom is repetition understood as the process of designation, the symbolic definition of the meaning of freedom. Endless repetition manifested in the eternal desire of people for freedom is the foundation of its presence. Not mere representation but manifestation of the unique being, “specifically human” is possible in a never-ending renewable efforts on the pursuit of the unattainable – the attainment of freedom. Freedom is not the goal and not the result, and the condition under which it becomes possible unique semideterminated mode of being of the individual. The transcendence of freedom is considered as a possible “change of life”, as overcoming the logic of the development of the posteriory world. The significance of the transcendental experience is that it acts as the organizing principle of the personal world allowing the immanent human being meaning to actualize.

Key words: transcendental freedom, simulacrum, “a change of being”, transcendence, “difference“, “repeat”, goal-oriented rational action.

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A Modern Interpretation of Transcendental Freedom (Concerning Positive Desire for the Unattainable) by Dimitrova S.V. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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