Serdyukova E.V. N.O. Lossky Doctrine as a Synthesis of Russian and European Traditions of Thought


Elena V.  Serdyukova

Candidate  of  Philosophical  Sciences, Associate  Professor,  Institute of Philosophy and Social-Political Sciences,

Southern Federal University

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Bolshaya Sadovaya St., 105/42, 344016 Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation

Abstract. The article attempts to reconstruct the heritage of the famous Russian religious philosopher N.O. Lossky based on the studying new archival materials. N.O. Lossky was one of the outstanding representatives of the Russian Diaspora, shared the fate of the Russian creative intelligentsia, forcibly expelled from Russia in 1922. The idea of “everything is immanent to everything” became a leading theme in the work of the Russian philosopher and brought to the construction of intuitionism in epistemology and to the theory of ideal-realism and hierarchical personalism in the ontology which represent his theoretical philosophy. The formation of the epistemological and ontological views of Lossky occurred mainly under the influence of Western philosophical tradition: Plotinus, Kant, Leibniz, Bergson and other thinkers, although only the book by P. Florensky “the Pillar and ground of the truth” gave impetus to the finalization of the metaphysics of N.O. Lossky. From about 1930 Lossky goes on to create a practical philosophy and at the same time he starts his acquaintance with Russian philosophy. Lossky himself repeatedly in his work refers to the legacy of A.S. Khomyakov, Vl. Solovyev, F.M. Dostoevsky, N.A. Berdyaev, L.P. Karsavin and other Russian thinkers. Investigation of new sources allows to have a fresh look at the role and place of N.O. Lossky in Russian philosophy and significantly expands the traditional notion of the philosopher as the Creator of the theory of intuitionism and ideal-realism. The practical philosophy of N.O. Lossky is of great interest, Russian thinker worked in exile over it until his death. Lossky tried to create a universal philosophical system that would reconcile empiricals and rationalists, nominalists and realists, synthesizes all the best practices of both Western and Russian traditions of thought.

Key words: spiritual legacy, emigration, Europe, Russia, Russian philosophy, intuitionism, ideal-realism.

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