Buzskiy M.P. The Philosophical and Belief Foundations of the Social Sciences and Contemporary Russian Society

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/lp.jvolsu.2017.2.4

Marat Pavlovich Buzskiy

Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor, Department of Philosophy,

Volgograd State University

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Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation


Abstract. The main focus of this article is to study the correspondence between modern Russian society and the social sciences. Drawing attention to the fact that the process of theoretical modeling of modern society is consistently  lagging  behind  the  rate  of  change,  the  author  proposes,  as  a  methodological  and  philosophical foundations of social science, the category of “social forms”, which provides a kind of synthesis of Russian social and cultural identities where its ethnic content is combined with the concepts of social philosophy and sociology, providing the appearance of real subject for social science – existence of contemporary Russia. Identifying the disadvantages of the Soviet social science, as well as looking at contemporary approaches to society in Western sociology, the author notes their abstractness, because of which national and other features of this particular society are omitted. The hypothesis put forward by the author is that the basis and the condition of the synthesis or correlation of social and ethnic in the modern Russian society presents itself the integrity of the social  form  being  the  basis  of  social  activities  and  communication  processes  and  converting  redundancy  of internal and external environment in an ordered manifold, the main criterion of which is the compliance of the existing and arising reality with the basic cultural code of ethnic or national-cultural identity of the society. In conclusion the author provides recommendations for the philosophical and methodological “adjustment” of the modern social sciences in Russia.

Key words: conceptual  model,  identity,  social  form,  integrity,  relevance,  objectivity,  communication, intersubjectivity.

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