Belyanskaya L.V. “Event” and “Discourse” as Key Concepts of Post-Marxism

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu7.2016.4.19

Larisa Vladimirovna Belyanskaya

Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy,

Volgograd State University

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Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation


Abstract. The article deals with the importance of the concepts of “event” and “discourse” in the post-Marxism philosophy. It is shown that these concepts are key ones to unessentialist and unsubstantialist understanding society, typical of the modern post-Marxism. The author analyzes the works of Alain Badiou, Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe, and demonstrates how the Marxist objectivating approach to the study of society in the postMarxism is replaced by a constructivist one. It is shown that the post-Marxists understand the history of society not as a history of class struggle, but as a history of changing discourses that are in agonal relations. In the article it is approved that the post-Marxists do not set themselves the task to find an existing social group, being able to be the source of the revolutionary movement, as it did once Marxists and neo-Marxists. Their goal is to show that those groups can be constructed on the basis of a common faith in the revolutionary events through revolutionizing the discursive practice. A variety of events and discourses is a pledge variety of public spaces and agonal communications of decentered society. The terms “event” and “discourse” allow post-Marxists to focus on the non-essential, non-substantial and dynamic nature of the social and the political, and to not abandon the idea of the One and Universal.

Key words: post-Marxism, universalism, theory of discourse, event, social construction.

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“Event” and “Discourse” as Key Concepts of Post-Marxism by Belyanskaya L.V. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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