Pluzhnikova N.N., Shcheglova L.V. The “Naturalistic Turn” and the Problem of Studying the Human Being in Cognitive Sciences

Natalya Nikolaevna Pluzhnikova

Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy,

Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University

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Prosp. Lenina, 27, 400131 Volgograd, Russian Federation

Lyudmila Vladimirovna Shcheglova

Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor, Head of Department of Philosophy,

Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University

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Prosp. Lenina, 27, 400131 Volgograd, Russian Federation


Abstract. The article is devoted to the study of human being in the modern socialhumanitarian knowledge. As a reference for this study is the concept of the second pivotal time in the writings of professor Krapivensky. The authors point to a new storage paradigm of human understanding. They characterize this paradigm as a “naturalistic turn”. The authors examine the unsatisfactory features of naturalistic understanding of man, believing that it ignores immateriality in human being. In a separate concept in understanding the human nature is subject-centrism. Subject-centrism is similar to naturalism. The article presents experimental data (survey data and specific empirical observations), which indicates the absolute biological and physical nature of man in modern culture. As a result, there is a substitution of such absolute psycho-physiological characteristics of human immateriality. This substitution leads to the destruction of the main characteristics of the person (reflexive, adaptive, transcendental) in modern culture.

Key words: man, cognition, consciousness, subject-centrism, naturalism, cognitive sciences.

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The “Naturalistic Turn” and the Problem of Studying the Human Being in Cognitive Sciences by Pluzhnikova N.N., Shcheglova L.V. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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